THE CREATOR AND HIS CREATIONS
Islamic perspective enlightens two categories of truth- the creator and creations- Allah, the creator and the rest His creations. Nothing in this entire universe can equal the creator. Allah's entity is supreme and ultimate; He is the unrivalled and the unique; The invincible and the infallible; The extremely powerful and the All knower; He is the noble creator of the whole universe; The one on whom every creature depends, yet, He depends on none; The most gracious, the most merciful; Full of virtues and the complete. Yet, the creations are also reality, which completely depend on Him for existence.
Islam stands apart from the Adwaida philosophy, which considers this world as an illusion. The world that we live in is, indeed, real. It has a beginning as well as an end. Quran proclaims the existence of a creator whose dignity is praised by every single thing in this world.
â€œWhatever is in the heavens and earth exalts Allah, and He is the Exalted in Might, the Wise.â€(Qur'an 57:1)
Allah is the only one who is the protector of everything and He will exist forever. It is right to say that He is the ultimate truth (Al Haq). But this does not negate the existence or reality behind worldly phenomena. Quran verses reveal that all worldly phenomena do exist and depend on the Almighty creator. It is not mentioned anywhere in the Quran that this world is an illusion (Baathwil). The following verse from the Quran is criticized to be in accordance with the Adwaida philosophy rejecting the reality of this world.
â€œAll this is because Allah, He alone, is the Truth and all that which they call upon beside Him is false. Surely Allah, He alone, is All-High, Incomparably Great.â€ (Qur'an 31:30)
In fact, this verse does not deny the reality behind the existence of this world. Instead, it denies the deserving of prayers and praises to everything and every being other than Allah. Quran clearly quotes that this world is not an illusion. Instead, it is created by the almighty Allah for a definite and essential purpose. The following verse is said to be repeated by the pious who ponder over Allah's creativity.
Â â€œOur Lord! You have not created this in vain.â€(Qur'an 3:191) The â€˜illusory world' concept is pointed out by the Quran as rejection of the truth behind the creator. Â â€œAnd We did not create the heaven and the earth and what is between them in vain; that is the opinion of those who disbelieve then woe to those who disbelieve on account of the fire.â€(Qur'an 38:27) This verse alone is sufficient to prove that Qur'an stands far apart from the Adwaitha philosophy. The concept that this world and its creator are united rather than separate entities as well as the Adwaida philosophy of â€˜illusory world' is two sides of the very same coin. Islamic viewpoint in this matter, too, is made crystal clear by the Holy Qur'an. It teaches that Allah's entity stands unique and separate from that of His creations. He is not a mere power assimilated in His creations, pervading in everything. He is beyond this universe. His knowledge and power encircles every minute as well as massive phenomenon. Neither the atomic throb nor the course of the planets goes beyond the knowledge circumference of Allah. Allah is above all time space limitations and His characteristics are beyond that of a substance. As a result, His power pervades over this vast universe. Â â€œWhatever is in the heavens and the earth declares the glory of Allah, and He is the Mighty, the Wise. His is the kingdom of the heavens and the earth; He gives life and causes death; and He has power over all things. He is the First and the Last, the Evident and the Immanent: and He has full knowledge of all things.â€(Qur'an 57:1-3)
Everything in this world is Allah's creation. The creator is indeed a separate entity different from the creations. Every creation including the human soul stands entirely distinct from the creator. The term â€˜Doonillahi' refers to â€˜those other than Allah'. Since Quran stands against â€˜Doonillahi', it is accused of joining hands with the Adwaida philosophy preaching the â€˜illusory world' concept and that God alone is the one with entity. The term â€˜Doonillahi' is used over 70 times in the Quran. It is used with the meaning those other than Allah for over forty tomes. The other references are â€˜Doonirrahmani', â€˜Doonika', â€˜Doonina', â€˜Dooni'. Yet, in none of these situations has Quran rejected the entity of anyone other than Allah. Accepting the entity of every animate thing, Quran rejects the deserving of praises, worships and prayers by anyone other than the Almighty Lord. Some verses also serve as a warning for those who have accepted people or objects instead of Allah as their saviors. Let us go through some of the verses referring to the term â€˜Doonillahi': Â â€œAnd there are some among men who take for themselves objects of worship besides Allah (min doonillahi), whom they love as they love Allah, and those who believe are stronger in love for Allah.â€(Qur'an 2:165) Â Â â€œAnd whoever takes the Shaitan for a guardian rather than Allah (min doonillahi) he indeed shall suffer a manifest loss.â€(Qur'an 4:119) Â â€œThey will not find for themselves besides Allah (min doonillahi) any protector or helper.â€(Qur'an 4:173) Â Say, â€œDo you worship besides Allah (min doonillahi) that which holds for you no [power of] harm or benefit while it is Allah who is the Hearing, the Knowing?â€(Qur'an 5:76) Â Say, â€œIndeed, I have been forbidden to worship those you invoke besides Allah (min doonillahi).â€(Qur'an 6:56) Â â€œAnd do not insult those they invoke other than Allah (min doonillahi), lest they insult Allah in enmity without knowledge.â€(Qur'an 6:108) Â â€œSurely they took the Shaitans for guardians beside Allah (min doonillahi), and they think that they are followers of the right.â€(Qur'an 7:30) All these verses and many more perfectly reveal that Islam does not reject the entity of any animate thing. Instead, it denies worship to anyone other than Allah. While Quran denies worship to anyone or anything besides Allah, it also denies worshipping anyone or anything along with Allah. The usage â€˜Ma'allahi' refers to â€˜along with Allah'. This usage is a proof that Quran accepts the entity of others. If Qur'an was of the opinion that Allah alone is the one with entity, then it wouldn't have used the phrase â€˜those along with Allah'. Have a look at certain verses using â€˜MaAllahi'. Â â€œAnd never call upon any other deity side by side with God (Ma'Allahi). There is no deity save Him. Everything is bound to perish, save His [eternal] self. With Him rests all judgment; and unto Him shall you all be brought back.â€(Qur'an 28:88) Â â€œAnd do not set up with Allah (Ma'Allahi) another god: surely I am a plain Warner to you from Him.â€(Qur'an 51:51) Â â€œAnd that the mosques are Allah's, therefore call not upon any one with Allah (Ma'Allahi)â€(Qur'an 72:18) Â â€œDo not associate with Allah (Ma'Allahi) any other god, lest thou find thyself disgraced and forsaken.â€(Qur'an 17:22) These verses obviously accept the entity of others but reject the deserving of worship to anyone other than Allah. Another phrase used in the Quran worth mentioning at this point is â€˜Gayirullahi' which means â€˜those other than Allah'. This phrase is used to refer to the creations in many situations in the Holy Quran. This usage, too, underlines the fact that Quran accepts the entity of others. Here are some of such verses: Â â€œWill they not, then, try to understand this Qur'an? Had it issued from any other than Allah (Gayirullahi), they would surely have found in it many an inner contradiction!â€(Qur'an 4:82) Â â€œProhibited to you are dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine, and that which has been dedicated to other than Allah (Gayirullahi), and [those animals] killed by strangling or by a violent blow or by a head-long fall or by the goring of horns, and those from which a wild animal has eaten, except what you [are able to] slaughter [before its death], and those which are sacrificed on stone altars, and [prohibited is] that you seek decision through divining arrows.â€(Qur'an 5:3) Â Say: â€œâ€Is it other than Allah (Gayirullahi) that you order me to worship, O ignorant ones?â€(Qur'an 39:64) We cannot spot any verse declining the entity of anything other than Allah. While Quran admits the entity and greatness of others, it makes clear that their existence is completely dependent on the creator. In addition, the Holy Quran emphasizes the fact that none other than Allah deserves worship. The â€˜illusory world' concept actually paves way for polytheism. Their argument, â€˜No one other than God has entity', has finally led to the belief that â€˜Everything that has entity has the essence of God' in it and gradually resulted in worshipping everything with entity.
â€˜Creationâ€¦ A misfortune that afflicted Lord Brahmaâ€¦ The world itself wouldn't have come into existence if that mistake could have been avoidedâ€¦'So is the belief of the promulgators of the â€˜illusory world', Advaida concept. According to Paul, due to the mistake of the first man, the whole creations were immersed in evil (Romans 5:12). This is the belief that the Christian church is established on. According to this concept, every activity and effort that man puts on the nature will lead him away from the path of the Creator. Islam stands different from both these concepts. The world is God's creation and a gift. Everything that is established in this world is according to His decision. Creation is not an error from the part of the Almighty. Instead, he created everything with perfect prior planning for a definite and significant purpose. From the gravels on earth to the cluster of clouds in the sky; from the sub atomic particles to the solar system; from amoeba to the blue whales; every minute as well as massive objects are created with a definite aim. Â â€œNot for (idle) sport did We create the heavens and the earth and all that is between.â€(Qur'an 21:16) The personality of man stands distinct from that of every animate as well as inanimate thing. A very noble purpose is hidden behind the creation of man, the caliph of the earth. He Possess supremacy and manageable abilitiesâ€¦ The only creation capable to utilize this world as well as to influence natureâ€¦ Distinct from every other creation that exists completely in the way of natureâ€¦The only creation endowed with freedom and responsibility (Amanath)â€¦How true is the Islamic perspective that man is the possessor of distinct as well as peculiar entity. Â â€œWe did indeed offer the Trust to the Heavens and the Earth and the Mountains; but they refused to undertake it, being afraid thereof: but man undertook it;- He was indeed unjust and ignorant.â€(Qur'an 33:72) When Islam refers to man as the caliph of the earth, bestowed with â€˜Amanath', it means that while every object travels as per the will of the almighty, man is granted the freedom to choose or reject the right path set by Allah. He is granted the freedom to choose his own destiny-if his gifted potential is utilized for good, he will be provided a good ultimate destination while if he uses his gifted abilities for wrong, his ultimate destination will be wretched. Without man, who is gifted with creativity and ability to enjoy beauty, everything on earth and the earth itself would be meaningless. But the beautiful earth and the living things in it came into existence far beyond the creation of human. A millennium passed by before the creation of humans on earth. The earth constituting minute percentage of the universe underwent various transformations. Even in the absence of man, the existence of earth is purposeful. This further underlines the hollowness of the Adwaida philosophy, which states that the existing world is only an illusion of the human mind. A definite purpose underlies the existence of earth and that is beyond human analysis. The world is an existing reality rather than an illusion of the mind. The theory of physics which states that human experiments would adversely affect the sub atomic particles is interpreted to support the â€˜illusory world' concept. This interpretation possess no pulp since the theory of uncertainty only mean that it is impossible for man to completely study the sub atomic particles. This theory questions the overconfidence of man who thinks that he has every ability to discover the whole universe. The theory does not question the reality behind the existence of the universe.
Islam teaches that every creation of Allah possesses relative entities. Creations possess entity separate the creator. But this entity is dependent on the creator. This can be compared to that of a painter and his painting. Without the painter, painting will not be created. But the entity of the paintings is different from that of the painter. Thus, every minute as well as massive object has its own existence, their entity being entirely different from that of the creator. Their existence is relative rather than infinite. They can exist only due to their dependence on their creator. But the creator Allah needs none for refuge