Man is born curious. His investigation about himself and about everything that he sees around starts from his very childhood. The child who eagerly breaks open his toy to discover what is inside is a symbolisation of manwho is impatient to discover the reality and cause behind this universe. The scientists who study the unending universe and the sophisticated atoms, too, have this very stimulant as their objective.
The universe is an open book in front of man who is impatient to find its roots. Lamentably, this open book doesn't enclose the identity of its creator. But every alphabet in this book demands the requirement of an architect behind it. Each leaves of this book reveal the architect to certain extend.
Man is gifted with the ability to think. While in the midst of this enormous universe, millions of questions pop up in his mind. These questions reflect his impatience and need to discover himself and the universe. From illiterate ones to the highly educated professionals repeat the very same questions. Going through the history of different civilizations, we understand that man has set himself in search of its answers ever since he began to use his brain.
â€˜Who is the one who created and sustains everything that we see around?' is the first question that comes running into his mind. Neither the mountain peaks nor the boundless sky has His name stamped on. Yet the more he studies about the mountains, the sky and the oceans, and understands the marvel behind their sustainment, the more he realises the presence of a brilliant creator.
Ponder over the creation of man...From the billions of sperms that the father ejects, one fuse with the ovum in the mother's uterus to form a zygote. This zygote is ignorant of the fact that taste, light, sound, wind, warmth and cold awaits it in the world that it is going to encounter. Nevertheless, 6X1014 (6 followed by fourteen zeros) cells that are formed by the self division of this zygote creates tissues to sense all these factors. Eyes to observe, ears to hear, heart, liver and intestines are formed. Above all, the brain that controls everything is formed. Isn't there a brilliant designer for these? Can a man, the highest end of creation gifted with thinking capacity, consider them as mere accidental formations?
Quran calls upon the mankind to think over the creations to realise the existence of our creator.
â€œDo they not look at the Camels, how they are made? And at the sky - how it is raised? And at the mountains - how they are erected? And at the earth - how it is spread out?â€(Qur'an 88:17-20)
Anyone who glances at the universe and its phenomena cannot deny the existence of the entity who created it. Islam stands entirely different from the medieval church perspective that free thinking will lead to the denial of the existence of God. Quran verses which draws our attention to the Almighty creator, demands us to grasp with our eyes and ears and to think with our heart. Not even a single verse in it entertains or demands blind belief in God Almighty. In fact, Islam is the only religion that lets humans use their brains to discover the presence of our creator. These Quran verses that encourage man to look around and at himself to discover the indomitable God are pondered over by scientists as well as laymen. Glance at the Quran verse that was first revealed to the Prophet:
â€œRecite in the name of your Lord who created. He created man from a clot. Read and your Lord is Most Honourable, Who taught (to write) with the pen. Taught man what he knew not.â€(Qur'an 96:1-5)
This is an example verse prompting man to think over himself. Indeed few years back, we were nothing. Subsequently, one among the million sperms that the father ejects fuses with one of the mother's ovary to form a zygote. It then developed to form a mass of flesh, later inside which formed bones. This skeletal systemwas then covered with muscles. Then it gave way for eyes, nose, ears, hands and legs. And one day we were delivered into this world from our mother's womb. We live as one among millions on earth. There are a variety of systems working inside us. The skeletal system, nervous system, digestive system, muscular system, reproductive system, circulatory system ...all these are inter related. Yet, none is under our control. The one who fused the sperm and the ovum from two entirely different poles and facilitated our step by step growth is, indeed, the one who incorporated in us, the rules for the running of these systems. An ordinary man who thinks over his own body as well as scientists, who study the human body, equally experiences the excellence of our creator. Quran asks:
â€œHow can you disbelieve in Allah when you were lifeless and He brought you to life; then He will cause you to die, then He will bring you [back] to life, and then to Him you will be returned.â€(Qur'an 2:28)
â€œAnd certainly We created man of an extract of clay, Then We placed him as a sperm-drop in a firm lodging. Then We made the sperm-drop into a clinging clot, and We made the clot into a lump [of flesh], and We made [from] the lump, bones, and We covered the bones with flesh; then We developed him into another creation. So blessed is Allah, the best of creators.â€(Qur'an 23:12-14)
â€œDid you ever consider the sperm that you emit? Is it you who creates it, or are We the Creator?â€(Qur'an 56:58,59)
Our creator has arranged all facilities for a newly born kid its sustenance. The facilities to take in oxygen and give out carbon dioxide, facilities for maintaining the body temperature, facilities to prevent drying of throat while crying etc. The apt food for him is facilitated in the mother's body itself. Breast milk is without a doubt the best food for a newborn baby. It is enriched with exactly the right amount of nutrients that a baby needs and in a form that it can digest easily. It also contains important antibodies that can help protect the baby from infections during the first months of its life.
As a baby who feeds on mother's milk grows, he is surrounded by nutrient rich food. Milk of cows and buffaloes is one of the main foods that is available. It provides nourishment not only to kids but also to adults. Cow's milk constitutes of 87.2% water, 3.7% fat, 4.9% sugar and 3.5%protiens and many vitamins and minerals. It is neither them nor us who facilitated milk in the body of goats and cows. Both the milkman at our doorstep and a medical researcher would unanimously comment that it is the creator of the animals and the humans who made way for this.
Have a look at what the Quran says:
â€œAnd most surely there is a lesson for you in the cattle: We make you to drink of what is in their bellies, and you have in them many advantages and of them you eat.â€(Qur'an 23:21)
â€œAnd most surely there is a lesson for you in the cattle; We give you to drink of what is in their belliesâ€” from betwixt the faeces and the bloodâ€” pure milk, easy and agreeable to swallow for those who drink.â€(Qur'an 16:66)
We realise His excellence even deeply while pondering over the vegetations which forms the basis of our existence. The green leaves are the food preparation centres of the earth. The water and fertilizers that the roots take in are circulated via the stem to reach the leaves. They take in carbon dioxide form the atmosphere. Chlorophyll in the leaves causes water and carbon dioxide to combine into glucose in the presence of sunlight. This process is termed photosynthesis. The glucose produced during photosynthesis is the basic food of plants and animals. During photosynthesis, the plants take in carbondioxide exhaled by animals and in turn produce oxygen necessary for the animals. This shows the interdependence of plants and animals. In the absence of either plants or animals, the other cannot exist. From farmers to botanists, everyone equally experience the hands of a creator behind the existence of the plants and animals. The Holy Quran says:
â€œHave you considered the seeds you sow? Is it you who makes it grow, or are We the grower?â€(Qur'an 56:63,64)
A farmer possesses no fundamental role in the growth of a seed that he sows. It grows solely according to the genes present in its DNA and this is indeed godly.
â€œHe causes to grow for you thereby herbage, and the olives, and the palm trees, and the grapes, and of all the fruits; most surely there is a sign in this for a people who reflect.â€(Qur'an 16:11)
Anyone who ponders over earth, a member of the solar system, will find it as a cradle holding life. Days and nights are created when the earth revolves around its own axis once in every 24 hours. It takes at an average of 365.2564 days to revolve around the sun in elliptical orbit. The atmosphere acts as a roof for the earth. Life on earth would have been impossible in the absence of the ozone layer that filters out the harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun and makes way for other harmless rays that are necessary for the existence of life. To what else other than a roof can the atmosphere that burns the meteors approaching the earth be compared to? If the atmospheric air would have been absent, water on earth would boil during the day and freeze to ice during the night. The amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere that regulates the temperature is balanced with the carbon dioxide that is exhaled by the living beings. The vegetation on earth utilizes approximately 500 billion ton carbon dioxide every year. If the air exhaled by the living beings lacked carbon dioxide, the whole carbon dioxide reserve on earth would have exhausted in just three years, putting an end to life on earth.
Earth is equipped with every facility to sustain vegetation, living beings and animals. The earth's axis is inclined at an angle of 23Â°27'. It is the climatic change that makes earth capable for vegetative growth. None can decline the role that rain plays in sustaining life on earth. Water from oceans and rivers evaporate due to sun's heat. These vapours surround the dust particles in the atmosphere and condense. Through a series of complicated phenomena, these condensed clouds give rain. None of the discovered planets, save earth, is blessed with rain in this manner. Both a farmer as well as a climatologist realises that rain is the gift of the almighty to sustain life on earth. Even lightning and thunder accompanying rain are beneficial to the vegetation on earth. They play an important role in converting atmospheric nitrogen to nitrogen compounds that can be used up by the plants. Lightning and thunder give rise to 100 million tons of nitrogen manure (nitrogen mixtures that can be used up by the plants). This is ten times that of the total chemical fertilizers produced worldwide. The Holy Quran says that lightning and thunder are two among the proofs for the existence of the almighty creator.
â€œHe displays before you the lightning, giving rise to [both] fear and hope, and sends down water from the skies, giving life thereby to the earth after it had been lifeless: in this, behold, there are messages indeed for people who use their reason!â€(Qur'an30:24)
Earth's atmosphere is another factor that makes life secure on earth. Life on earth would have been impossible in the absence of the ozone layer that filters out the harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun and makes way for other harmless rays that are necessary for the existence of life. It burns the meteors approaching the earth. Indeed, the atmosphere acts as a roof for the earth. We, dwelling under this roof, only need to pass our eyes around to realize the creator who equipped everything. Quran teaches:
â€œWho made the earth a resting place for you and the heaven a canopy and (Who) sends down rain from the cloud, then brings forth with it subsistence for you of the fruits; therefore do not set up rivals to Allah while you know. Who made the earth a resting place for you and the heaven a canopy and (Who) sends down rain from the cloud, then brings forth with it subsistence for you of the fruits; therefore do not set up rivals to Allah while you know.â€(Qur'an2:22)
The creator's dexterity reflects in every living thing around us. Studying about bees, the engineer among the insects, one will realise the All Powerful Allah's might. They construct strong, multi roomed hives using less wax and effort. Bee hives of precise geometric structure made using the apt quantity of wax is still a marvel for scientists. The division of work existing in the bee society, too, is marvelous. Separate gangs for collecting nectar, for reproduction, hive construction, protection of hives etc. They even sacrifice their lives for accomplishing the duty entrusted upon them. The way they communicate with each other is amazing. They use waggle dance to inform other bees the position of nectar. The shape and slanting of the circles created in this dance give the idea regarding how long and in what direction they have to travel to get nectar. It is needless to mention the medicinal value of the honey they excrete. They have made no effort to gain these abilities that they possess. Neither can they discover anything using their small brains. Who then gifted them these abilities? The answer is nothing other than â€˜the one who created them'. How truly the Quran said:
â€œAnd your Lord revealed to the bee saying: Make hives in the mountains and in the trees and in what they (men) build: Then eat of all the fruits and walk in the ways of your Lord submissively. There comes forth from within it a beverage of many colours, in which there is healing for men; most surely there is a sign in this for a people who reflect.â€(Qur'an 16:68,69)
Same is the situation with every living thing.Fishes in oceans; Birds in the sky; Wild animals; Domestic animals;everyone is gifted with the skills required for it to survive in its environment. The weightlessness of flying birds due to the air filled in the air cells between their bones and feathers enable them to fly. This facility is needless and hence absent in birds that swim in water. The physical structure gifted to those birds that look for prey during the day time is different from owls and Black crowned Night Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax)that of those who look for prey during night. The nest prepared by birds for laying eggs and bringing up their children would amaze every one. When a bird sleeps on a tree branch, its body pressing against its legs bends the legs and curves certain muscles to enable its fingers to entangle in the branches to prevent it from falling down. The wings of birds are another amazing creation. Birds fly at an average speed of thirty to sixty kilometer per hour. There are also birds capable of flying at a rate of hundred to hundred and fifty kilometer per hour. The wings of birds like albatrosswhich fly a great distance without wing movement are gifted with long thin wings and those like quail which rises up quickly and flies very fast are gifted with thick shorter wings.
Let us take another example. Camel is known as the ship of the desert because it carries heavy load and travels great distance through the desert without food and water. The Arab camels travel at a speed of thirteen to sixteen kilometer per hour carrying load heavier than five hundred kilogram. The long legs of the camels are strong and have powerful muscles allowing it to carry heavy loads for long distances. It walks at a medium speed. It has two toes on each foot. A hoof that looks like a toenail grows at the front of each toe. The camel walks on a broad pad that connects its two toes. This cushion like pad spreads when the camel places its foot on the ground. The pad supports the animal on loose sand in much the same way that a snowshoe helps a person walk on snow. The pad enables the animal to firmly grasp the earth. The toenails protect the feet from damages resulting from a bump. Thick, broad sole pads and thick callosities on the joints of the legs and on the chest, upon which it rests in a kneeling position, enable it to withstand the heat of the desert sand. It is also able to close its nostrils against flying dust and its eyes are shielded by eyelashes.
The camel has three eyelids and two layers of eyelashes to protect itself from dust and sun. To protect their eyes, camels have long eyelashes that catch most of the sand when desert winds blow sand on to their eyes. If sand gets into an eye a camel has a third eyelid to get it out. The extra eyelid moves from side to side and wipes the sand away. As the eyelid is very thin the camel can see through it. So a camel can find its way through a sandstorm with its eyes closed.
Camels have the power to smell water one and a half kilometers away from it and can open or close its nostrils at its own will to prevent sand from entering its nose during sand winds.Their upper lip is split into two to prevent injury due to thorns from the plants on which it feeds. The greatest wonder is the hump on its back. It is the hump that facilitates it to travel through the dry dessert without food and water. When it gets lots of water and food, the hump stores fat and enlarges. During the time when it has to go without water, this fat disintegrates to produce hydrogen atoms that combine with the oxygen form the air it breaths to produce water for various activities of its body.
What can a man with brain and logic witness in these creations who are gifted with every facility to adjust to the environment they are in? Is it the dexterity of a creative creator or a mere coincidence?
â€œAnd Allah has created from water every living creature: so of them is that which walks upon its belly, and of them is that which walks upon two feet, and of them is that which walks upon four; Allah creates what He pleases; surely Allah has power over all things.â€(Qur'an 24:45)
The sun and the moon that are linked to everyday human life have always wondered man. When the ancient people were astonished at sun rise and sun set, its position and the phenomena occurring in it amaze the present men. If the temperature of the sun falls by 13 percentages below the present value, earth would be covered with ice and if it exceeds by thirty percent, everything on earth would be burned up. Alost every phenomena on earth depend on the sun. If sun would have been absent, the snow wouldn't melt, the rivers wouldn't flow, clouds would not be formed, wind current never flows, flowers would not bud, rain would not pour and life wouldn't exist.The temperature at the core of the sun is 6.5 billion Â°C. It experiences a pressure of 100 thousand pounds per square inch. Mass of the sun per square meter is 1.98892 Ã— 1030 kg. Sun, the source of energy of the solar system, produces energy through nuclear fusion(the same process taking place in hydrogen bomb).In other words, in every second, thousands of hydrogen bomb blasts take place in the sun. 1025 Joules of energy is produced every second. (According to present day statistics, this energy produced in one second is sufficient to produce electricity required by the whole earth for ten-thousand years.) Sun is one member of Milky Way in the galaxy. Sun exists approximately 320000 light years away from the centre of the galaxy. The sun revolves around the centre of the galaxy in circular orbit at a speed of 250 kilometer per second. It takes 250 million years or one cosmic year to revolve around the center of galaxy once. The more we learn about the sun, the more we realize the unequalled creator behind it. It is according to his rules that the sun and the moon travel. These rules will never err. Quran says:
â€œAnd the sun runs on to a term appointed for it; that is the ordinance of the Mighty, the Knowing.â€(Qur'an 36:38)
â€œIt is He Who created the Night and the Day, and the sun and the moon: all (the celestial bodies) swim along, each in its orbitâ€(Qur'an21:33)
Man who learns the extent of the universe and his position in it would bow his head in front of the creator. Thousands of clusters in the universeâ€¦Thousands of galaxies in each clustersâ€¦each galaxy includes billions of stars, pulsars, quasars, nebulas, black holes; sun is one member of milky way which is one among the galaxies. Sun extends 1.35 million times greater than the earth. This means that 1.35 million earths' can be incorporated in the sun. MilkyWay consists of stars that are a billion times bigger than the sun. Sun, a star of moderate size contains nine planets revolving around it. Other than the sun and the planets, the solar system comprises also of satellites, comets, meteors etc. Earth is one among the nine planets. Human race is one among thousands of races on earth. We are just one among the billions of members of this human race. While studying about the clusters, galaxies, stars, sun, planets,earth and living creature, the realization fills our heart- how restrictd our powers, our abilities and we ourselves are! How truly the Quran said
â€œMost surely in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day, and the ships that run in the sea with that which profits men, and the water that Allah sends down from the cloud, then gives life with it to the earth after its death and spreads in it all (kinds of) animals, and the changing of the winds and the clouds made subservient between the heaven and the earth, there are signs for a people who understand.â€(Qur'an 2:164)
â€œDo they not look into the realm of the heavens and the earth and everything that Allah has created and [think] that perhaps their appointed time has come near? In what message after this(Qur'an) will they then believe?â€(Qur'an7:185)
â€œAllah created the heavens and the earth in true (proportions): verily in that is a Sign for those who believe.â€(Qur'an 29:44)
Sun is a mere member of the Milky Way, a galaxy. Ten thousand billions of stars, both smaller and larger than the sun have been discovered in the Milky Way. This galaxy extends over 1, 20,000light years. Hundred billion of such galaxies have been discovered. All these are moving apart every second. In other words, the universe is expanding. On this basis, the scientists comment that there may be galaxies that man can never discover due to their distance from us. If this turns true, however man leaps to heights in discovering the universe, he would still remain unacquainted with a large portion of it.
Quran teaches man to glance at ourselves and our surroundings to realize the creator. It does not uphold blind belief. Islam talks to human intellect. It leads man to realize the existence of the creator by calling his attention to the amazing system followed by every minute and massive creation in the universe.
Detailed study of the world leads not to denial of the divine entity. It leads man to the realization of the existence of the all-knowing and all-powerful creator. Every weapon of atheistwho have tried to develop proofs for atheism on the basis of Newtonian physics, have turned blunt in the light of new discoveries. The picture of today's world is different. We understand today's world on the basis of the time space continuum theory put forward by Einstein. The primary knowledge that the two theories of relativity provides is that we can study the world completely only if we are outside it. How much ever technologies and brain he uses, man, who exist in a small portion of this vast universe, will never succeed in discovering the universe completely. We can only grasp relative knowledge. On the basis of the theory which says that one has to be outside the universe to study the universe completely, who can deny the religious concept that the creator, who designed and is acquainted with everything in the micro and macro worlds, is be beyond the world?
It is regretful that the atheists are entangled in the illusory concept of Newtonian physics that views every worldly phenomenon and rule as objective and completely realizable. Today, almost every branch of science has realized that it is a mere dream that man can discover every nook and corner of the universe. The science of astronomy agrees to the fact that however powerful telescope man uses, there would still be galaxies unseen since the universe is expanding at the speed of light year. The astronomers are doubtful whether the discovered universe would turn at least 10 percentage of the total universe. The case of micro universe is no different. Nuclear physics is the scientific branch that accepts Heisenberg's uncertainty principle which says that it is impossible to know an atom completely. Scientific philosophers, who claimed these to be mere crisis that the scientific world would soon get out of, have also been proved wrong by modern researches. Materialistic viewpoints built on the concept that complete and objective analysis of the universe can be established, shattered into pieces because of the foundation paved on the illusory concept of denial of the God Almighty.
It is indeed true that detailed study of the universe would soon explain the existence of the unequalled power of the creator behind it.
â€œMost surely in the creation of the heavens and the earth and the alternation of the night and the day there are signs for men who understand. Those who remember Allah standing and sitting and lying on their sides and reflect on the creation of the heavens and the earth: Our Lord! Thou hast not created this in vain! Glory be to Thee; save us then from the chastisement of the fire.â€(Qur'an 3:190,191)