14) Can it not be claimed that the Qur’an’s has been but the composition
of Muhammad (pbuh) himself ?
Prophet Muhammad () had lived in the light of history. It
was through him that the world first heard of the Qur’an. As such, all
that may be asserted by those who do not accept the divine status of
the Qur’an is that it is the composition of Muhammad (). There are
however, certain facts that must be understood as the premises for
this discussion. It can only be on the foundations of these premises
that the question as to whether the authorship of the Qur’an can be
attributed to Prophet Muhammad () can be discussed.
One : Muhammad () had been, upto the age of forty, the most
favoured man among the Arabs. It was because he had claimed that
the Qur’an was divinely inspired and that the commandments within it
are to be adhered to, that he was hated; osctracized; and forced to
flee from his hometown.
Two : Even among his bitterestt opponents there was unanimityabout the truthfulness of Muhammad(). It is difficult, therefore, to
believe that after living forty years of his life with utmost truthfulness,
he should venture to declare a falsehood in the name of the Lord
Creator and that he should have risked his own life for the sake of its
Three : Men of letters were accorded a high status in Arabia.
There was not the slightest dissenting opinion among any, as regards
the lofty position of the Qur’an in its viability as a literary creation. If
he had ventured to claim the Qur’an as his own work, he would have
gained great respectability and status amongst the Arabs.
Four : There are references in the Qur’an which have criticized
certain of the actions of Muhammad () himself.
Five : There are also other references in the Qur’an which
reproach Muhammad () in the strongest possible terms.
It should be in the light of these facts that the pros and cons of
the argument that the Qur’an is the work of Muhammad () should
Indeed, if a work of great literary merit is composed and is then
attributed to the name of God, there must necessarily exist vested
interests that lurk beneath. To expose those vested interests will then
be the duty of the critics. It will be on the basis of such an exposition
alone that the truth of the claim can be ascertained.