43) What is the Qur’anic idea of the woman ?
This is a very pertinent question Whatever the organization, in
the final analysis we see that it will be its theoretical underpinnings
that will ultimately have a bearing on its laws and recommendations.
As far as the woman is concerned, the source of the Islamic
recommendations on the subject lies in the answer which the Qur’anprovides to the question as to what a women really is.
It is the Qur’anic position that like the man, the woman, too, is
the most special creation of the Lord Creator.
“O mankind! Fear your Guardian Lord, Who created you from
a single Person, created, out of it, his mate, and from them twain
scattered (like seeds) countless men and women; fear Allah, through
Whom ye demanded your mutual (rights), and be heedful of the wombs
(that bore you): for Allah ever watches over you.” (H.Q. 4:1)
Here the Qur’an has indicated the fact that both man and woman
have been created from a single soul; that both man and woman are
but two aspects of the same soul. It is only when these two aspects
are joined together that a completeness becomes possible. Or that it is
only in the mutual cooperation between man and woman that life
become wholesome. Indeed, the well spring of all love and compassion
that exists in a man-woman relationship is to be found in this
cooperation. It is the Qur’anic view that the love and compassion that
exists between life partners is but one among the many signs of God.
“And among His Signs is this, that He created for you mates from
among yourselves, that ye may dwell in tranquility with them, and He
has put love and mercy between you (hearts): Verily in that are signs
for those who reflect.” (H.Q. 30:21)
The Qur’an does not accord recognition to the division that is
based on gender. However, it does reject the idea of the equality of
the sexes as well. In its view, it is impossible that man be equivalent to
woman or that woman be the equal to man. To strive to conform to
such an idea would then be against nature herself. The Qur’an has
placed man and woman on that position which nature itself has assigned
to them. A position that is not inferior or equal to that of the man – this
is the position which nature has bestowed upon the woman. Islam, the
religion of nature, too, has conferred the same position.