47) Is not the Marxian view which sees both man and woman as two equal members of the working class more favourable for the woman than the Qur’anic vision ?

It was on the basis of the doctrine that private property was the
cause of all evils that the Marxist ideologues gave form and substance
to their doctrines. It was on these grounds that communism analysed
man-woman relationships as well. “In the Capitalistic system, manwoman
relationship is exploitative. Indeed, the tradition of monogamy
itself originated as a result of the necessity for protecting private
property. With the elimination of private property, man will be liberated
from all evils.” This is the perspective of Communism. We can
understand the communist view of the woman from the Marxian
analysis of the state of family relationships in the upcoming socialist
system.
“Men and women, irrespective of whether they be Hindu, Muslim
or Christian, may undertake work and offices that befits their capacity;
may select the mates of their own choice and live together as long as
they like; may resort to divorce if either of the partners dislikes the
other; may if so desirous, take a new mate and then lead another
marital life. It is such a state of affairs that modern democracy as well
as Socialism, its highest form,is aiming to achieve” (E.M.S : Reply to
Questions, Chinda weekly, 1993, November 25)
The Marxist tradition, which analyses mankind on the basis of
economic relations alone, considers the institution of the family, moral
values and all else as the by products of an exploitative system. The
genesis of the afore mentioned communist view point stems from the
outlook that man and woman are, for all foreseeable purposes,
independent and are, in themselves, two distinct individualities who
are, in no way, mutually associated. The Marxian visionaries never
even considered the fact that the institution of the family was an
indispensable factor in society. They also refuse to see the fact that
the roles of both man and woman in the family are as unique in
themselves, as they are complementary. The concept of mutuality in
man-woman relationship is, after all, in opposition to the Marxian
contradiction of progress through conflicting interests. It is because
of the limitations of such an outlook that it enunciates that woman be
made to work like man and that they are to choose mates as and
when they please.
Marxism is unable to even consider the natural differences
between man and woman and the divergence in emotions that exists
within them. It seeks to measure woman on the basis of her capacity
to work .It refuses to see the mother in her. It does not consider her
weaknesses and difficulties. It does not tolerate the fact that it is man
who is to be her protector.
In short, therefore, Marxism measures woman on the basis of
her labour value alone. There is, however, a reason for this as well.
For, after all, it (i.e., Marxism) was the product of the intellects of two
men. (There has not been the slightest influence of Jenny, the wife of
Marx, or of Helena, his concubine, upon the formulation of the Marxist
vision). They were, furthermore, men who viewed the world and all in
it on the basis of economic relations. For this same reason, therefore,
the Marxist view of woman, in reality, reeks of nineteenth century male chauvinism. It stubbornly refuses to see the distinct qualities of
woman.
Islam, on the other hand, considers firstly the motherhood of
woman when it talks of her. The Prophet () had taught that ‘paradise
lies at the feet of the mother’. His advice to man was that he was to
always be kindly disposed towards her. ‘Accept my advice that you
are to behave kindly with women.’ The greatness of woman is never
to be measured on the basis of her capacity to work. Muhammad ()
had taught that it was rather to be based on her behaviour. He once
said that ‘a righteous woman was the greatest fortune of a man.’
Woman is the heroine of the family and the mother of society. Man is
to protect and support her. The laws of the Qur’an are such that they
remind man of her weaknesses and, thereby, help him in being able to
protect and support her. The Qur’anic verse that “… And women shall
have rights similar to the rights against them, according to what is
equitable; but men have a degree over them and Allah is Exalted in
Power, Wise.” (2:228) makes all these very clear and explicit. Indeed,
this proclamation is the very basis of all family laws in Islam.

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