2.What is the purpose of the revealed scripture?

The Qur’anic view contends that the primary purpose of revealed
scriptures is to unite mankind. Look at what the Holy Qur’an has to
say: ‘Mankind was one single nation. And Allah sent Messengers
with glad tidings and warnings; and with them He sent the Book
in truth, to judge between people in matters wherein they differed.’
It becomes evident from this that religious scriptures were
revealed in order that a divine ruling, of a final nature, may be made in
the matters in which mankind differed. Thus, the Qur’an declares that
it, too, was revealed so that mankind may be freed of the dissensions
that were rife amongst themselves. ‘And We sent down the Book
to thee so that That thou shouldst make clear to them those
things in which they differ, and that it should be a guide and a
mercy to those who believe.’ (16:64)
In order that the fate of the people of the book, who had boasted
of their own high status, by which they were ultimately led to
dissension and anarchy, not fall upon its believers, the Qur’an exhorts
them to stick fast to the last of the scriptures as well as to its practical
manifestation as enshrined in the life and conduct of the Prophet.
“And hold fast, All together, by the Rope which Allah (stretches
out for you), and be not divided among yourselves.” (3:103) The
commentators are unanimous in their opinion that the ‘rope of Allah’
mentioned here indicates the Qur’an.
In short, therefore, the first and foremost duty of the Scripture
is to lead people unto the truth and to eliminate, thereby, all dissension
and anarchy.

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