5.What does the Qur’an say about the Hindu Vedas?
Messengers have been sent to all communities among mankind.
The Qur’an makes it so explicitly clear as to leave behind not a shadow
of a doubt, that “there has not gone by a single nation wherein a
warner was not sent.” (35:24) Therefore, as an ancient land in which
had thrived a civilization and culture, India, too, must have had been
the destination of the messengers. Further, some among those
messengers must have been the recipients of scriptures also. It is not
for the Muslim to take any of these messengers or their scriptures
lightly or with indifference. For the Qur’an has sternly warned against
showing partiality with respect to the messengers (4:150). The Qur’an
therefore reveres the messengers who had come to India, as also the
scriptures which were revealed to them.
But can it be said that any of the existing books on the Shruthi
(the vedic compilations, Brahmanas, Aaranyas, Upanishads) has been
revealed to the messengers by the Lord Creator? It is believed that
these have been referred to as Shruthi because they had been heard of
from God Himself.
The concept of Shruthi makes it clear that it was also the belief
of the Hindus that mankind does, indeed, receive messengers from
God. Even though all the above mentioned books are all Shruthis in
themselves, the question as to which amongst them forms the more
authoritative text is one over which there is much difference of opinion.
While Dayanand Saraswathi, the founder of the Aarya Samaaj,
accorded the authoritative status to four Vedas, others like Swami
Vivekananda gave prime importance to the Upanishad.
There were also scholars of Hinduism who opined that even
the most authentic of the Books of Shruthi can be prone to error. The
stand of Dr. Radhakrishnan that “the Vedas are neither infallible
nor all-encompassing” (Indian Religions, Page 22) and of Swami
Vivekananda that “To the extent that they are supported by sound
reasoning all portions of the Vedas are acceptable to me. However,
some portions of the Vedas are, at first sight, self –
contradictory” (Vivekananda Sahitya Sarwaswam vol. 4, Issue 55)
will serve in breaking the spear-head of the claim that the Vedas
comprise, in their totality, the divine messages.
Generally speaking, the Shruthi comprises of books which
present the actual and existing beliefs and practices that once prevailed
in India. However, vague signs if messages received by the Prophets
who were sent to India can be seen in them. But the claim that these
are completely divine is, however, without foundation.